marily used for the rear corners of drawers. The milled
corner joint, shown in figure 16, C, consists of two
members with milled grooves that are fisted together.
This joint is used for the front corners of drawers,
because it will resist the pull exerted on the front of the
2-24. By now you should have a good idea of both the
wood used and the types of joints required to construct
an article. With this information firmly in mind, let's
take a look at the recommended procedures for
constructing a wooden article.
2-25. Butt joints. The butt joint consists of two
members that are fastened together end to end without
Figure 14. Finger or box dovetail joints.
overlap. This joint is often strengthened with a strap or
cut the dowels one-eighth inch shorter than the
combined depths of the holes and to point the end with
3. Constructing Wooden Articles
coarse sandpaper or a knife. Dowel joints are always
glued and are often used as a substitute for mortise and
3-1. You can probably remember the furniture in
tenon joints. To allow air and excess glue to escape, cut
your grandmother's home when you were a youngster.
a channel, or spiral, the full length of each dowel.
Today, your grandmother's furniture would be considered
2-23. Corner joints. Corner joints, other than the
as old fashioned as that
mitered, butted, doweled, or dovetailed types, are used
extensively in the construction of drawers for furniture
and cabinets. A corner joint is shown figure 16. A.
One member of the joint is rabbeted, with the other
member fitted into the rabbet and fastened with glue,
nails, screws, or a combination of glue and a metal
fastener. The box corner joint, shown in figure 16. B.
consists of two members, one dadoed and the other
rabbeted to fit the dado. This corner joint is pri-
Figure 16. Corner joints.
of her grandparents, because designs and styles continue
to change. Modern-day furniture designers try to create
furniture that will give us convenience, comfort, and
3-2. Along with the many style changes, mass
production methods and new materials have changed
cabinet construction procedures. However, the basic
forms of construction remain relatively the same as they
were when our so-called antiques were made. Today,
however, there are more "built-ins" in the form of
cabinets, dressing tables, and workcounters.
3-3. This section will provide you with the knowledge
you will require to construct and repair cabinets; it will
Figure 15. Doweled joints.
also cover types of construction, which include frame,
stool, and box. The procedure used in the selection of
materials for the items covered in this section are also
extremely important and should be followed as closely as
3-4. The last two major topics in this section are the
assembling of parts into complete units