c. Theorem 3. If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, the alternate interior angles are

equal. Therefore, when two lines are cut by a transversal and one pair of alternate interior angles are

equal, the two lines are parallel. In Figure 3-13, lines AB and CD are parallel and line EF is the

transversal. Interior angles r and r1 are equal, and interior angles s and s1 are equal.

d. Theorem 4. Straight lines that are parallel to the same line are parallel to each other. In

Figure 3-14, if line CD is parallel to AB and line EF is parallel to AB, then line CD is parallel to EF.

e. Theorem 5. Any point on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment is equidistant from the

extremities of the line segment. The distances from any point not on the perpendicular bisector to the

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