(2) The number and size of each piece
in a section is given to the man in charge of the
cutting party. The cutting party cuts the timber to the
correct length with a handsaw or power saw. The
length is measured by the use of square and tape.
After one piece has been cut, it may be used as a
pattern for marking the remaining pieces. The
pattern is set up by nailing two blocks to the piece of
correct size, one near each end, as shown in figure 5-
2. These blocks act as stops to hold the pattern in
place on the timber to be marked. Several cutting
and assembling parties may be used at one time on
different types of sections.
Figure 5-2. Marking a pattern
(3) The plate and sole are placed in the
template with the studs and girts between; then the
Figure 5-3. Template for wall panels.
door and window posts, if any, are placed (fig. 5-3).
used to place sections too heavy to be handled by
The girts, sole, and plate are nailed to the studs with
hand. Where machinery is used, caution in fastening
16- or 20-penny nails. If insulation board is used, it
the cable or rope avoids damaging the section.
and the wall sheathing are put on the section before it
is taken out of the template. By applying the wall
NUCLEAR WEAPONS FACTORS IN
finish before raising the section, no scaffold or
ladders need be used.
(4) The erecting party sets the sections
Changes in construction standards resulting from
into place, braces them temporarily, and nails them
possible increased use of nuclear weapons are
together. The end section should be first, and it may
governed by Department of the Army policy and will
be erected on graded earth. The sidewall sections are
normally be outlined by TO or other appropriate
next and should be erected so as to keep the two
directives. General considerations, as they pertain to
walls even. The rafter party can then place the rafters
this subcourse, involve probable effects on structures
on the walls. Parties should be set up as follows:
and possible precautionary measures to minimize
layout party, cutting party, assembling party, carrying
party, erecting party for rafters, sheathing party,
a. Damage to structures and material in a
roofing party, and door-and-window party.
nuclear explosion is due to blast and shock, and fire.
(5) The preassembly method of
Fires may be started by thermal radiation, but most
erection may be used for all types of small buildings
will be extinguished by the blast. The majority of
and large warehouses. When this method is used for
fires will be from secondary causes as indirect blast
large buildings, cranes are
Wooden, brick, and light steel frame
buildings are highly vulnerable to blast. In open