ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS
This lesson discusses the laws and regulations that impact Army training and operations. It also discusses
the fines and penalties that can be imposed on Army soldiers and civilians.
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
You will identify environmental laws and regulations required to perform your
mission to minimize harm to the natural environment.
You will be given all material contained in this lesson. You will work at your
own pace and in your own selected environment with no supervision.
You will correctly answer questions on the practice exercise at the end of the
The material contained in this lesson was derived from AR 200-1, AR 200-2, FM
4-04.4, TC 3-34.489, and TVT 5-56.
Environmental issues are a major concern of the Army. With new laws and regulations, these issues
continue to have a growing impact on Army operations. Violations of federal, state, or local
environmental laws can result in both civil and criminal penalties. Soldiers and leaders must understand
the laws and know what actions to take. They must also ensure that unit personnel are trained properly
and meet all requirements. The environmental laws and regulations in this section are not all inclusive,
but they represent those that are most applicable to soldiers. For further information about these and other
laws, ask the chain of command, the installation staff judge advocate, or the environmental office.
3-1. Environmental Laws. There are four primary sources of environmental law: federal, state, local,
and HN. These four governments have established laws and regulations to protect civilian and military
communities and the natural and cultural environments from degradation. Heightened environmental
awareness by the public and federal government has led agencies to develop policies to support regulatory
compliance and stewardship.
3-2. Federal Law. Federal laws are enacted
by Congress and
enforced by federal agencies like
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Transportation (DOT), and the Army. Once
an agency determines how to enforce the laws, it develops regulations. In this way, Army environmental