PART B - TYPES OF BRICK BONDS
By varying the ways in which you lay individual bricks in a wall, you can form a variety of patterns or
bonds (Figure 3-2, page 3-5). Different bonds use different combinations of stretchers (bricks laid flat
with the long face parallel to the wall) and header (brick laid flat, perpendicular to the face of the wall).
A course made up entirely of stretchers is called a stretcher course; a course formed entirely of headers
is a header course. The different types of bonds are listed below:
Running Bond. This is the simplest bond. It consists entirely of stretchers.
Common or American Bond. A common or American bond is a variation of a running bond
with a full course of headers at regular intervals.
Flemish Bond. In a Flemish bond, each course of bricks is made up of alternate stretchers
and headers. The headers in alternate courses are centered over the stretchers in the
The English bond is composed of alternating courses of headers and
Stack Bond. In a stack bond, there is no overlapping of the units; all vertical joints are
English Cross Bond. This bond is a variation of the English bond and is different only in that
the vertical joints between the stretchers in alternate courses do not line up vertically.