The machete and brush hook may be used to clear small saplings, bushes, or similar growth. Axes and
hatchets are used to mark trees by blazing and may also be used to fell trees.
Figure 5-6. Cutting tools
b. A hatchet or single-bit ax is used to drive hubs, stakes, pipe, and other markers into the
ground. A sledgehammer, however, is a more suitable tool for this purpose. A double-faced, long-
handled sledgehammer is shown in Figure 5-7, page 5-8. It is swung with both hands. There are also
short-handled sledgehammers that can be swung with one hand. A sledgehammer is classified
according to the weight of the head. Common weights are 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 pounds. The 8- and
10- pound weights are the most commonly used.
c. When searching for hidden markers, you may need a shovel or a pick like the ones shown in
Figure 5-7, page 5-8, to clear off the topsoil. In soft ground, such as loose, sandy soil, you may prefer to
use a square-headed shovel or a probing steel rod to locate buried markers.