(2) Block Plane. This is the smallest plane (Figure 226). It
varies in length from 3 1/2 to 7 1/2 inches and can be used easily
with one hand. Primarily, it is used for planing end grain or across
the grain of wood. No chip breaker is needed to break the shavings
because there are no shavings when planing across the grain.
(3) Smoothing Plane. The smoothing plane is a short, finely
set plane, which averages 12 inches in length (Figure 227). It is
used for finishing uneven surfaces.