ANSWER TO FRAME 27.
a. mean = X = ΣX = 184 = 46.0
b. This is a sample mean because only four observations from the population were used in
In a later text, we will use the sample mean to make a statement about the population mean. For
the time being, note that the sample mean and the population mean DO NOT USUALLY GIVE THE
ANSWER TO FRAME 28.
Sample 1 mean = X = ΣX = 114 = 22.80
Sample 2 mean = X = ΣX = 10,080 = 2016
Note the effect of extreme values on the sample mean. Although only one value changed, the
mean was changed significantly. This points out the key characteristic that the mean is affected
by extreme values and it may not be representative of all values in the sample (or population).
ANSWER TO FRAME 29.
Ordering the data gives: 2, 7, 8, 19, 22, 24, 28, 31. Since there are an even number of
observations we must find the mean of the middle two values. This would be (19 + 22) /2 = 20.5.
The median is then 20.5.
Note that, if you forgot to order the data, you would have computed the median to be
(19 + 7) /2 = 13. This is incorrect. The data must be ordered.