Step 8. Determine the initial commander's critical information requirements (CCIR). The CCIR
identifies information needed by the commander to support battlefield visualization, to make
critical decisions, and especially to determine or validate a COA. They help the commander filter
information by defining what is important to mission accomplishment. Environmental
considerations that may be part of the CCIR include the protection of cultural/historical sites,
water sources, hazardous waste (HW)/polluted industrial sites, or other significant safety
Step 9. Determine the initial reconnaissance annex. Based on the IPB and the CCIR, the staff,
primarily the Intelligence Officer [United States (US) Army] (S2), identifies gaps in the
intelligence and develops an initial reconnaissance and surveillance plan to acquire information
based on the available reconnaissance assets. This may include acquiring the support of outside
agencies and HQ. Special requests for environmental information on environmental considerations
and concerns critical to the operation are included in the initial IPB and CCIR.
Step 10. Plan the use of available time. The commander and his staff refine their initial plan for the
use of available time. They compare the time needed to accomplish the essential tasks according to
the higher HQ timeline to ensure that the mission is accomplished in the allotted time.
Step 11. Write the restated mission. The executive officer (XO) or the Operations and Training
Officer (US Army) (S3) prepares a restated mission for the unit based on the mission analysis. The
restated mission includes on-order missions; be-prepared missions are in the concept of
operations. Environmental considerations may be addressed in the restated mission, especially if
the unit mission is to respond to a forest fire, a flood, or another natural or man-made disaster.
Step 12. Conduct a mission analysis briefing. The staff briefs the commander on its mission
analysis if time permits. Relevant conclusions about the environmental considerations, drawn from
the mission analysis, help the commander and his staff develop a shared vision of the requirements
for the upcoming operation.
Step 13. Approve the restated mission. Immediately after the mission analysis briefing, the
commander approves the restated mission. Once approved, the restated mission becomes the unit's
mission. If environmental considerations are crucial to the mission, they may become a part of the
Step 14. Develop the initial commander's intent. The commander's intent is a clear, concise
statement of what the force must do to succeed with respect to the enemy and the terrain and to
achieve the desired end state.
Step 15. Issue the commander's guidance. After the commander approves the restated mission and
states the intent, he provides the staff with enough additional guidance (preliminary decisions) to
focus their activities while planning the operation. This is the location for the commander's
guidance on environmental considerations. In the case of combat operations, most environmental
considerations will take a relative back seat to other considerations, as greater environmental risk
is likely to be taken.
Step 16. Issue a warning order. Immediately after the commander provides guidance, the staff
sends subordinate and supporting units a WO. The staff ensures that the risk guidance includes
pertinent environmental considerations.