ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS
This lesson discusses the laws and regulations that impact Army training and operations and the fines
and penalties that can be imposed on Army members for noncompliance.
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
You will learn sources of laws and regulations that you must know to
perform your missions while minimizing harm to the natural environment.
You will be given the material contained in this lesson. You will work at
your own pace and in your own selected environment with no supervision.
You will correctly answer questions on the practice exercise at the end of the
The material contained in this lesson was derived from AR 200-1, AR 200-2,
FM 3-100.4, TC 3-34.489, and TVT 5-56.
Environmental issues are a major concern for the Army. With new laws and regulations, these issues
continue to have a growing impact on Army operations. Violations of federal, state, or local
environmental laws can result in both civil and criminal penalties. Soldiers and leaders must
understand the laws and know what actions to take. They must also ensure that unit personnel are
trained properly and meet all requirements. The environmental laws and regulations in this section
are not all inclusive, but they represent those most applicable to soldiers. For further information
about these and other laws, ask the chain of command or the installation staff judge advocate or
4-1. Environmental Laws. There are four primary sources of environmental law: federal, state,
local, and HN. These four sources have established laws and regulations to protect civilian and
military communities and the natural and cultural environments from environmental degradation.
Heightened environmental awareness by citizens and the federal government has led agencies to
develop policies to support regulatory compliance and stewardship.
4-2. Federal Law. Federal laws are enacted
by Congress and
enforced by federal agencies such
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Transportation (DOT), and the
Army. Once an agency determines how to enforce the laws, it develops regulations. In this way,
Army environmental regulations are based on federal laws. Soldiers should understand the following
federal environmental laws. They affect many of the activities that soldiers perform each day.