should never forget that they do exist in every job. You and your painting personnel increase the odds
that accidents will occur when you ignore hazards in any job. Regardless of the degree of hazard that
may be present, relaxation of precautions in one job will inevitably lead to carelessness in all jobs. The
careless habits that are formed will eventually result in an unnecessary increase in the accident rate.
1-2. Safety Measures. You must have a continual enforced safety program due to the potential
hazards present in all painting operations. Adequate safety procedures will provide protection against
the three major types of hazards; namely, accidents, fire, and those to health. All personnel must be
thoroughly familiar with safety rules. Each worker is responsible for adhering to all established
precautionary programs for his own protection as well as that of others. The practice of disregarding
safety measures will increase potential dangers and the odds that an accident will occur. For additional
information, see OPNAVINST 5100.23D and MIL-STD 1212.
a. General Health. All of your personnel should be in good health. Painters who are sensitive
to skin-irritating materials should only work with nonsensitive paint materials, such as water-based
paints. Any worker sensitive to heights should not work on ladders, scaffolds, or rigging. Personnel
who have an improper attitude toward safety should not be allowed in painting crews.
b. Environment. Always study the working environment before you send painters into any
work area. Look for hazards, such as poor ventilation and noxious fumes. Before you allow a painter to
enter such an area, you must ensure that he is protected by devices that will allow him to work in safety.
If ventilation is required, then provide outside air at a minimum rate of 15 cubic feet of air per minute
per person or 1 1/2 changes per hour, whichever is greater. Otherwise, provide respiratory protective
equipment. If exhaust systems are used, such as in a tank, the system must take suction from the bottom
of the tank or a similar area in which the work is being done. Never allow a painter to work alone in a
hazardous area (see para 1-2c). The discharge from exhaust systems must be arranged so that
contaminated air will not create a health hazard in surrounding areas. Temperatures should be kept at 65
to 75 degrees (€) Fahrenheit (F), if possible.
c. Forms of Protection. Common forms of protection are respiratory devices, safety helmets,
eye protection, protective clothing, and the use of a buddy system.
(1) Respiratory protection. Your personnel must wear the proper type of face mask in
hazardous areas. All respirators must be devices approved by the US Bureau of Mines. The most
important types of respirators are as follows:
(a) Dispersoid-filter respirators. The respirators (Figure 1-1, page 1-4) are worn for
protection against dusts that are present when sanding. The respirators contain filters only.