LADDERS, SCAFFOLDS, AND HOISTING EQUIPMENT
In this lesson, you will learn about the basic principles of ladders, scaffolds, and hoisting equipment and
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
You will learn to describe how ladders, scaffolds, and hoisting equipment are used
and how to safely operate them.
You will be given the material contained in this lesson.
You must complete the lesson and the practice exercise.
REFERENCES: The material contained in this lesson was derived from the TM 5-800 series, FM 5-
125, and MIL-STD 1212.
You should know how to select and erect ladders and scaffolds to reach an area that cannot be reached
from the ground. Safety is of prime importance in the erection and use of ladders and scaffolds. The
number of serious accidents caused by scaffolds and ladders that are not erected or used properly far
exceeds those from other sources. Improper use or assemblage of scaffolds or ladders not only
endangers you, but it is also a potential death trap for anyone under the items.
PART A: LADDERS
4-1. Ladders. Ladders are devices that are used to gain access to work that is performed at higher
levels. It is possible to paint the entire exterior surface of a one- or two-story building from a ladder;
however, it is often more comfortable and timesaving If a scaffold is erected. Ladders are of several
types: single rung, extension, step, and trestle. Each ladder is designed for a specific use and should not
be used for any other purpose. Ladders are made of magnesium, aluminum, steel, or well-seasoned
wood which is free of knots or other defects.