oil paint. It is a slow-drying paint used for body and final coats on exterior surfaces of large buildings.
A small amount of spar varnish is included in the paint to retain color; however, the color still has a
tendency to fade due to exposure.
International-orange enamel is the other type of international-orange paint and is similar in color to the
above paint. It is not as durable; however, it holds its color much better and dries faster. The vehicle in
the enamel is glycerol-phthalate synthetic enamel. The enamel is a vivid orange red, and it is very
durable. The color is fast, and it looks best when applied over body coats of the same color. The
enamel dries enough overnight to allow sanding and application of another coat. The enamel is
recommended for body and final coats on small, metal surfaces.
(6) Chrome-yellow oil-based paint. This exterior paint is a durable, bright yellow paint that
is applied as a final coat on wood, metal, and masonry. Use it primarily for painting towers and traffic
signs. Significant names applied to tints of this paint are Highway-Marking Yellow, Army-Navy
Aircraft Yellow, and War-Department Yellow.
(7) Rust-inhibiting, solvent-resistant drum enamel. This exterior enamel is used for coating
metal drums and is an olive-drab, semigloss enamel. It is a one-coat enamel that contains glycerol-
phthalate resin, and it dries fast.
(8) Aluminum-paint mixing varnish. A mixing varnish is contained in aluminum paint that is
used for priming exterior wood and for general purposes. You may also use it for final coats on metal.
Tung-oil varnish is used as the vehicle in aluminum paint for general use. Tung-oil varnish is one of
two types of mixing varnish. If it is necessary to spray paint, 1 gallon of aluminum paint containing
mixing varnish may be thinned with 1 pint of turpentine. In order to bring paint to the proper
consistency, add aluminum paste when using mixing varnish of high viscosity and add aluminum
powder when using mixing varnish of low viscosity.
(9) Asphalt varnish. This varnish is a general-purpose varnish that is used when covering
water pipes, gas pipes, and so on. It is composed of asphalt mixed with drying oils, solvents, and driers.
When dry, asphalt varnish has a smooth, glossy finish that is similar to glossy, black enamel.
(10) Water-resisting spar varnish. This is a durable covering for interior or exterior use.
When dried, it has a softer film and less luster than some of the other oil-type varnishes.
(11) Clear and pigmented spraying lacquer. A spraying lacquer is either clear or pigmented.
It is used over suitably primed metal and wood interior and exterior surfaces. For repaint jobs, apply a
sealer or bleeder coat before the lacquer is sprayed over a color. Ordinarily, the spraying lacquer does
not require thinning.
(12) Cold-water white paint powder and liquid. Exterior cold-water paint powder makes an
inexpensive paint that dries to a porous film. It is breathing paint that is used on masonry surfaces
where permeability and durability are important. The paint is also available in colors. You may often
mix linseed oil and spar varnish with water to form the vehicle for exterior cold-water paint and to make
the paint more durable; however, special