Figure 2-23 Brick cuts and typical masonry joints.
(1) Whole. A whole brick is a standard 2
1/4 x 3 3/4 x 8-inch brick.
(10) Header. A header is a whole brick laid
flat across the wall with one end showing the wall-
(2) Split. A split brick or soap is a flat
half-brick that has been split lengthwise.
(11) Rowlock. A rowlock is a brick on its
(3) Quarter or closer. A quarter or closer
edge across two rows of flat brick with one end
is a quarter segment of a brick broken across the
showing in the wall.
narrow section at quarter length.
b. Brick Joints. Joints in brick masonry (2, fig
(4) Three-quarter. A three-quarter brick
2-23) are formed by the mortar which bonds the
is the remainder of a brick with the quarter removed.
masonry together. The type of joint to be used is
included in the notes of the plan or is included in the
(5) Soldier. A soldier is a whole brick laid
brickwork specification. To finish the joints and
vertically with the narrow face showing in the wall.
make a waterproof bond between brick and mortar in
the exterior faces of brickwork, the joints are struck,
(6) Queen closer. A queen closer is a brick
or ironed, with various shapes of jointers or a
split lengthwise through its short axis.
pointing trowel. Two typical joints are: the flush or
plain joint, in which the mortar joint is struck flush
(7) Stretcher. A stretcher is a whole brick
with the exterior of the masonry wall; and the raked
laid flat longitudinally with the wall.
joint, in which some of the mortar is removed with
the point of the trowel to make brickwork stand out.
(8) King closer. A king closer is a whole
Other joints are the struck, weathered, stripped, V, or
brick with a corner clipped off.
concave joints, all of which are made with the proper
use of the trowel.
(9) Half or bat. A half or bat is half a