This lesson describes what is included in the planning phase of training and operations and how
environmental considerations are a part of the decision-making process.
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
You will learn the military decision-making and risk assessment processes
required in environmental planning.
You will be given the material contained in this lesson
You will correctly answer all practice exercise questions at the end of the lesson.
The material contained in this lesson was derived from Army Regulation (AR)
200-2; Field Manuals (FMs) 3-100.4, 100-14 and 101-5; and Television Tape
Every day, leaders make decisions that impact the environment. These decisions affect natural and
cultural resources entrusted to the Army and can have serious environmental and legal consequences for
the decision makers. The military's inherent responsibility to the nation is to protect and preserve its
environmental resources. Risk management is an effective process to assist in preserving these
resources. Platoon leaders identify actions that may negatively impact the environment and take the
appropriate steps to prevent or mitigate damage. This lesson illustrates how to use the risk management
process to assess and manage an environmental-related risk during planning, training, and operations.
1-1. Military Decision-Making Process (MDMP). The MDMP is a single, established, and proven
analytical process. The MDMP is a tool that assists the commander and his staff in developing estimates
and a plan. The commander and his staff examine a battlefield situation and reach logical decisions. The
process helps them apply thoroughness, clarity, sound judgment, logic, and professional knowledge to
reach a decision.
1-2. Critical Steps of the Military Decision-Making Process. The MDMP model contains seven steps
(see Table 1-1), each of which incorporates environmental considerations.