for opening. When you fit doors, remove the waste
equally from all stiles and rails so that their width will
3-21. Flush doors for most cabinets are solid and are
cut to the specified dimensions shown on your drawing-
making sure the tops, bottoms, and hinged sides are true.
3-22. Regardless of the type of door, the material
selected must be straight and have good grain
characteristics. If the material for the doors must be
glued, match the grain characteristics. When you mill
out material for more than one door-especially for double
doors-do it all at one time.
3-23. If the article you make has drawers., there will
usually be a detailed drawing of the drawer construction
along with your blueprint. Check your plan for the
thickness and width of the sides, front, and back of each
drawer, and then mill the stock to these dimensions.
When you start cutting the joints for a drawer, mark the
pieces "sides," "fronts," and "backs," with the side pieces
marked "lefts" and "rights." The reason for this is that
bottoms of most drawers are inserted into grooves cut on
the inside of each side, front, and back piece of drawer.
This is clearly illustrated in figure 25. Plywood used for
the bottom of the drawers should have the good side up
so that it can be seen when the drawer is opened. It is
essential to have all material cut square if the drawer is to
fit well. Wood used for side and back pieces can have
slight defects; however, they must be placed so that they
cannot be seen from the inside when the drawer is open.
Material for the drawer fronts
Figure 23. Panels for frame construction.
panels square, remove the rough edges, and be sure that
the groove is large enough to receive the panel.
3-20. Doors used on cabinets and furniture can be
classified as paneled or flush. Flush doors are usually
made solid or with a frame covered with plywood. The
frame for panel doors can be mortised and tenoned,
doweled, lapped, or mitered. Your drawing will give you
these details. The material for the framework is milled
to the dimensions specified on your drawing. After the
milling process, the rails and stiles are cut to length. The
material for the framework is milled to the dimensions
specified on your drawing. After the milling process, the
rails and stiles are cut to length. The joint to be used is
made along with a groove in each rail and stile for the
panel. Sometimes a molding is cut on the inside edge of
the frame near the panel. (See fig. 24.) Before cutting
Figure 24. Molding on paneled door.
the molding, select the best side of the frame to show
when the doors are closed. If any joint other than a
miter joint is used, the molding must be mitered, as
shown in figure 24. The hinged side of the door should
be planed true with the top and bottom, and the lock side
should have a slight angle to provide clearance